Plastics in the Environment

plastic-1We all have heard the word Plastic and also hearing more often that it is adversely affecting our environment including wild life, human life etc.

There are some interesting but at the same time serious data shown-

  • Over last 10 years we have produced maximum plastic, more than we produced in full century
  • Approximately fifty percent plastic is once used only
  • Today only 5-10% plastic is recycled
  • Total 10% of waste is plastic
  • World’s 8% of oil production is used for production of plastic
  • Nearly more than one million bags are used every minute worldwide
  • Millions of pounds of plastic is in ocean
  • Plastic takes 500-1000 years to degrade
  • Plastic chemicals are deposited in bodyFrom above data we can see some serious points. Still we are using it because it is inexpensive, durable, leak proof, easy to carry etc. It is used everywhere either in the form of food containers, storage, baggage, stationary items, financial transactions like debit/credit cards, plastic money, electronics and electrical products and everywhere  we can think. What is plastic and why it is so toxic?Plastic is made up of various chemicals which do not degrade in the environment because it is synthesized by us,  not natural. They are made up of few such chemicals which make them non-biodegradable. But we are not stopping to use them due to their various properties.
  • oceanpollution
  • Oceans are becoming hub of plastic. We can see few major harmful effects of plastic-
    • Plastic creates toxic pollution at every stage of its existence: manufacture, use, and disposal.
    • Some of the constituents of plastic such as benzene and vinyl chloride are proved to cause cancer and other gases and liquid hydrocarbons spoil earth and air.
    • Some toxic substances emitted during production of plastic are synthetic chemicals like ethylene oxide, benzene and xylenes have bad effect on ecosystem. They cause birth defect, cancer, nerve damage, attack on immune system, affect blood and kidney as well.
    • Harmful chemicals leached by plastics are present in the bloodstream and tissues of almost every one of us, including newborns.
    • In the environment, plastic breaks down into small particles that attract toxic chemicals. These particles are ingested by wildlife on land and in the ocean, contaminating the food chain.
    • The amount of plastic pollution in the ocean is increasing fast, but there are similar concentrations of plastic in the desert, in every community around the world, in our homes and in us.
    • Small plastic pieces are not absorbed into the natural system, they just float around within it, and ultimately are ingested by marine animals and zooplankton (Plankton that consists of tiny animals, such as rotifers, copepods, and krill, larger animal’s eggs and larvae’s and of microorganisms once classified as animals, such as dinoflagellates and other protozoans.).
    • One million sea birds and 100,000 marine mammals are killed annually from plastic in our oceans.
    • 44 percent of all seabird species, 22 percent of cetaceans, all sea turtle species and a growing list of fish species have been documented with plastic in or around their bodies.
      What can be done by us?

      • Reuse plastic bags, plastic bottles.
      • Opt for cloth bags and using recyclable material products
      • Reduce use of disposable material, excess packing material and others.
      • Carry some storage containers in car, some bags etc to bring leftover food or some items.
      • Keep a coffee mug/glass and plate at office so it will reduce plastic and and other non-biodegradable material.
      • Go digital and use less of CDs etc
      • Use recyclable plastics only.

      “Have a watch what we are doing due to which our environment is suffering and what simple steps we can take to save our environment because if nature is safe we are safe” by Dr. Seema Pavgi Upadhye

We are responsible for keeping our water bodies free from toxicity.Pyrocrat Systems LLP through is dedicated to generating awareness about need for effective waste management. Pyrocrat has inventedPlastic-to-Oil Technology that converts waste plastic into usable fuel oil. To know how plant and machinery supplied by Pyrocrat manages 90,000,000kg of every year, please visit: www.mswplant.com. This technology segregates waste, recycles valuable material & energy for waste.

Source:domainofscience.wordpress.com

 

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